Techniques of Chinese Painting
Four Gentlemen Painting
The four gentlemen refer to the orchid, the bamboo, the chrysanthemum, and the plum blossom; they are metaphors of the gentleman with moral integrity.
Aquatic Life-Fishes Paintings
Artists used to make use of this painting topic to show their enthusiasm for ideal life.
Lotus and Coloring Paintings
Lotus represents a gentleman who stands out from the crowd. Painting styles and history of lotus painting will be favored. A contemporary artist Zhang Daqian has developed several new techniques in depicting the lotus.
The ancient painters created a landscape painting in different ways, including modeling masterpieces, sketching and traveling to give expression of emotion to maintain and water to pursue lofty and independent personality.
When comes to traditional Chinese painting, it generally refers to China’s traditional art with unique national characteristics, which uses brush, ink stick, ink slab, paper and pigment to depict both realistic and imaginary Objects. It has many categories; including scroll painting, mural painting, New-Year pictures, engraving painting and so forth.
Chinese paintings don’t have a strict art category and is not a scientific conception. According to different tools and materials, it can be categorized into ink-wash painting and color-ink painting, just like oil painting, water-color painting, engraving painting and gouache painting equally. With different usage, Chinese paintings can be classified into mural painting, serial pictures, New-Year pictures and illustration. Due to different themes, we can sort out Chinese paintings into figure painting and landscape painting. With its unique technique and style, it forms an independent art in the world, on a par with oil painting in the West. As a whole, traditional Chinese painting pays great attention to presenting the essence of objects, stressing the beauty of form and requiring pictures to capture both spirit and form and to be replete with vitality and rhythm, which greatly represents the trend of development of traditional Chinese painting and a defining core value of China’s cultural tradition. It is an ideal that the Chinese nation has unremittingly pursued and an important component part of Oriental painting.